Unit 2 – Applying for a Job

Unit 2 – Applying for a Job

Virtual Book - Applying for a Job

Applying for a job

Using CV

CV with Covering letters

Email online

Via job centre

Completing company application form

Telephone application

Provide your personal details

Provide your education history

Provide your work history

Explain work history gaps

Breaks from work




Show your skills match the job

How to choose a reference

Once the form is completed

Methods of applying for a job

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Before you start

Read the job description and instructions on the application form to understand what the employer wants. Research the employer to find out who they are and what they do. Using this information, you can start to plan what you’re going to add to your form.

You may have to fill out an application form using a computer. If you do not have access to a computer, you can book time on one at your local library.

Provide your personal details

You’ll usually need to include your:
– Full name
– Date of birth
– Address
– Phone number – give a number you’ll be available on during the day
– Email address

Depending on the job, you may also need to add your:
– Driving licence details
– National insurance number
– Permission for a Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check
– Work permit details
– Provide your education history
– Fill in your education history, starting with the most recent first.

You’ll need to list:
– Your qualifications
– The name of the organisations you studied with
– Other training courses you have completed
– The dates you attended
– Provide your work history
– You’ll add your employment history here, starting with the most recent. You can include work experience and volunteering activities. It’s usual to go back about 10 years, though earlier if you have relevant experience beyond this.

You will need to include:
– The name of organisation you worked for
– What role you had
– When you started the job
– When you left the job
– The application form may also ask what your main tasks were. You should prepare 3 to 5 bullet points to describe what you did in each job role.

Explain work history gaps

When you have a gap in your work history you should give a brief explanation and say what you did during that time. You can also add more detail in your cover letter.

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How to choose references

You’ll usually need a work-related reference and a personal one. Make sure you check with people first that they’re happy to provide one.

You should include the person’s:

– Name and job title
– Relationship to you
– Contact details


If you do not have any work experience or do not want to use your last employer, you can ask other people to give a reference, including:

  • – An older employer
  • – A teacher or college tutor who knows you well
  • – A team leader from a volunteering group, a society or sports team
  • – A faith leader from your place of worship
  • – After you complete your form

  • Once you have completed your application form, make sure you:
  • – Check the spelling and grammar
  • – Sign and date it
  • – Save a copy for use with future applications, and in case you’re asked about it at interview

What personal information should you gather ready for completing an application?


Dates of your previous employment or work placements

Birth certificate/Passport details/Driving licence details

Experience & Transferable skills

Skills and abilities

What are the do’s and don’ts of an application form?

Read the given job application

Follow instructions

Complete in block capitals if requested

Complete in black ink if requested

Answer all questions

Remember when completing online job applications, complete all boxes.

Two main reasons for using a CV:

Applying for advertised job vacancies, where the advert specifies “Send a CV…”

Applying ‘speculatively’ to potential employers i.e., when no vacancy has been advertised, cold call.

Consider the following:

No spelling mistakes

No gaps in words

Can be written in 3rd person

Profile must flow

Full and complete skills and abilities

CV hints and tips:

Completing a Cover Letter

Why should you include a Cover Letter?

Covering letters are a way of introducing additional information about you that’s not on the CV.  They are the first chance for you to sell yourself to the employer prior to them looking at your CV.  A cover letter shows you off as an individual and it is always nice to take the time to create a specific cover letter for the industry you are wanting to work in, it helps to demonstrate your interest in the role and the company.

Consider formatting yours like the below template:

  • – Full address
  • – Date
  • – Reference
  • – Your text/reason for applying (Roughly 3 to 5 paragraphs)
  • – I look forward to hearing from you (or meeting you)
  • – Yours Faithfully (If there is no name to write to or sincerely if there is a name)
  • – Signature at bottom (Electronic signature if applying online)

  • What information to include in a Cover Letter
  • Five paragraphs to include:
  • – Introduction of yourself /CV
  • – What you are doing now
  • – Why you have applied 
  • – What you’re bringing to role
  • – What you know about the company (positive things)